The man is wearing a "salakot" a local hat-head umbrella which can be made of sasa, coconut leaves or anahaw leaf. That is usually an image of a farmer, the Philippines being an agricultural country. He is maybe holding a spear representing the various tribal indigenous groups here or maybe a fishing spear to symbolize the other means of living here; fishing
the two sankes at the bottom are cobras. We have the local cobra called "ulupong" which has a deadly venom and sometimes kill farmers because they have the propensity for laying themselves out in the sun and when people stepped on them, death most of the time.
The two reptiles on the sides I presume to be crocodiles, which we also have here (and yes they can represent our politicians too lol) and we call 'buwaya'. One was caught recently at Agusan marsh and is the largest saltwater croc caught alive.
If they are not crocs then maybe they are the local monitor lizards we call "bayawak'
I also see the Mountain Province Rice Terraces there as well as a few green mountains/islands. the two designs flanking the S and R of the Survivor logo are tribal designs, not sure but similar to that of the Maranaos.
the PHILIPPINES below the big Survivor (outside the logo) are actually not Filipino. It's japanese-the font style, I mean.
Usually Filipino fonting is a bamboo styled ones, bamboo being so common here.